'Artificiality' and meaning

The article traces the negative connotations that the term 'artificial' has become entrenched in.

D.A. Berg

7 minute read

Philosophy of language examines language as a median between humans and the natural world. Subjects pertaining to philosophy of language include the study of composition, semantics and logic, reference, and much more. This essay, however, is primarily concerned with meaning. An important note for this section is that the uses of the term ‘language’ are not limited to spoken or written word.

D.A. Berg

14 minute read

New York, New York is often considered to be a polluted metropolis filled with smog and traffic. Nonetheless, NYC turned itself into one of the leading cities in urban sustainability. In 2007, New York City Mayor, Michael Bloomberg launched the ‘PlaNYC’ initiative. The goal: to drive down the city’s carbon dioxide emissions and to establish sustainability. As a part of PlaNYC, Mayor Bloomberg ordered an inventory of NYC’s emissions.

D.A. Berg

7 minute read

In March of 1986, Michael Hardwick brought forward a suit in the Federal District Court “challenging the constitutionality of the statute insofar as it criminalized consensual sodomy” (Bowers V. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186z). Preceding the court case, Hardwick was charged with violating Georgia’s law against sodomy when a police officer observed Mr. Hardwick conducting sexual activity with another adult male within the privacy of his own home. Three months following the oral argument, the Supreme…