Introduction New York, New York is often considered to be a polluted metropolis filled with smog and traffic. Nonetheless, NYC turned itself into one of the leading cities in urban sustainability. In 2007, New York City Mayor, Michael Bloomberg launched the ‘PlaNYC’ initiative. The goal: to drive down the city’s carbon dioxide emissions and to establish sustainability. As a part of PlaNYC, Mayor Bloomberg ordered an inventory of NYC’s emissions.
In March of 1986, Michael Hardwick brought forward a suit in the Federal District Court “challenging the constitutionality of the statute insofar as it criminalized consensual sodomy” (Bowers V. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186z). Preceding the court case, Hardwick was charged with violating Georgia’s law against sodomy when a police officer observed Mr. Hardwick conducting sexual activity with another adult male within the privacy of his own home. Three months following the oral argument, the Supreme Court decided that Hardwick failed to make a claim, and subsequently ruled that there are no constitutional protections for individuals conducting acts of sodomy.
Background The regulation of drug use in the United States has ramifications which, although they are largely unexpected, they are nonetheless disastrous for millions of people. Drug use and drug regulations have long histories within the United States. Drug use before federal regulations was typically limited to home remedies for pain, or recreational use. According to David Musto, in his article “_Opium, Cocaine and Marijuana in American History”,_ “During the 19th century, certain mood-altering substances, such as opiates and cocaine, were often regarded as compounds helpful in everyday life” (41).